The indefinite pronoun
‘One’ must be followed by ‘one’s’. ‘Each’, ‘every’, ‘anyone’, ‘anybody’, must be followed by the Singular pronoun of that person e.g.
One must do one’s duty to one’s
‘Let’, ‘But’ and ‘Except’ is followed by pronoun in the objective case e.g.
Let you and me solve this puzzle.
Everyone attended the party except him.
No friend will come to your party
None of the students were interested
‘Such as’ is followed by a pronoun of the subjective case e.g.
I have no liking for
such a man as he.
‘enjoy’, ‘avail’, ‘pride’, ‘resign’ ‘apply’, ‘acquit’, ‘assert’, ‘absent’ are followed by a reflexive pronoun e.g.
absented himself from the class.
enjoyed themselves at the party.
prides herself on her wealth and beauty.
My / mine
Reflexive pronouns are never used with these verbs:
keep, conceal, quality, spread, rest e.g.
stayed away from my class.
qualified in the test.
kept away from the show.
When the first, second and third person singular pronouns (I, you, and he) are used together, they are placed in the order you, he and I e.g.
You, he and I are neighbours.
But in negative cases, the order should be
first person, third person and second person e.g. I, you and he are responsible for the mistake.
‘Only’, ‘any’, ‘it is’, ‘all’ and the superlatives usually take ‘that’ as relative pronoun in place of ‘who’ or ‘which’ e.g.
He is the
only man that can do it.
It is the
same watch that was stolen by him.
All that glitters is not gold.
This is the
best that we can do.
The Reciprocal Pronoun
‘each other’ is used for two while ‘one another’ is used for more than two e.g.
Rahul and Renu love each other.
The complement of verb
‘to be’ is always in the nominative case. If the complement is a Personal Pronoun, we should always use its nominative case e.g.
If I were he, I would not go there.
When the same person is the
subject and object, it is necessary to the use reflexive pronouns e.g.
I cut me shaving this morning. (
I cut myself shaving this morning.
When a pronoun is the object of a verb or preposition, it should be in the objective case e.g.
These books are for you and I (
These books are for you and me
Between him and me, there is an understanding.
The relative pronoun should be placed as close as possible to the antecedent e.g.
Here is the book that you lent me.
I have read the works of Shakespeare who was a great dramatist.
The case of the pronoun following
‘than’ and ‘as’ is decided by mentally supplying the verb and completing the sentence e.g.
She is taller than
I love you more than
he (loves you).
He is as good a player as
I (am). I can sing as well as
Who is used for persons only. It may refer to a singular or plural noun or pronoun e.g.
The boy, who works hard, succeeds.
The women, who saw the tricks, were surprised.
He, who is honest, is loved by all.
They, who die in a great cause, never fail.
Which is used for animals and non-living things. It may refer to a singular or plural noun e.g.
The horse which won the race is Bali’s.
The horses which you gave me are fast.
The pens which we lost have been found.
That is used for persons, animals and things. It may refer to a singular or plural noun e.g.
He is the wisest man that ever lived.
This is the horse that I want to buy.
These are the only horses that neigh.
This is the ring that I lost yesterday.
These are the books that I have read.