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English
PRONOUNS
December 18, 2015
0
  1. The indefinite pronoun ‘One’ must be followed by ‘one’s’. ‘Each’, ‘every’, ‘anyone’, ‘anybody’, must be followed by the Singular pronoun of that person e.g.

 

  • One must do one’s duty to one’s

 

  • Everyone must do his

 

  1. ‘Let’, ‘But’ and ‘Except’ is followed by pronoun in the objective case e.g.

 

  • Let him

 

  • Let you and me solve this puzzle.

 

  • Everyone attended the party except him.

 

  • No friend will come to your party but me.

 

  • None of the students were interested but him.

 

  1. ‘Such as’ is followed by a pronoun of the subjective case e.g.

 

  • I have no liking for such a man as he.

 

  1. Verbs like ‘enjoy’, ‘avail’, ‘pride’, ‘resign’ ‘apply’, ‘acquit’, ‘assert’, ‘absent’ are followed by a reflexive pronoun e.g.

 

  • He absented himself from the class.

 

  • They enjoyed themselves at the party.

 

  • She prides herself on her wealth and beauty.

 

  • He resigned himself to

 

 

 

 

I Me My / mine Myself

 

We Us Our/Ours Ourselves

 

You You Your/Yours Yourself/Yourselves

 

He Him His/His Himself

 

She Her Her/Hers Herself

 

They Them Their/Theirs Themselves

 

It Its Itself

 

Who Whom Whose

 

 

  1. Reflexive pronouns are never used with these verbs: keep, conceal, quality, spread, rest e.g.

 

  • I stayed away from my class.

 

  • He qualified in the test.

 

  • She kept away from the show.

 

  1. When the first, second and third person singular pronouns (I, you, and he) are used together, they are placed in the order you, he and I e.g.

 

You, he and I are neighbours.

 

But in negative cases, the order should be first person, third person and second person e.g. I, you and he are responsible for the mistake.

 

 

  1. ‘Only’, ‘any’, ‘it is’, ‘all’ and the superlatives usually take ‘that’ as relative pronoun in place of ‘who’ or ‘which’ e.g.

 

  • He is the only man that can do it.

 

  • It is the same watch that was stolen by him.

 

  • All that glitters is not gold.

 

  • This is the best that we can do.

 

  1. The Reciprocal Pronoun ‘each other’ is used for two while ‘one another’ is used for more than two e.g.

 

  • Rahul and Renu love each other.

 

  • They help one another.

 

  1. The complement of verb ‘to be’ is always in the nominative case. If the complement is a Personal Pronoun, we should always use its nominative case e.g.

 

  • It was he who did it.

 

  • If I were he, I would not go there.

 

  1. When the same person is the subject and object, it is necessary to the use reflexive pronouns e.g.

 

  • I cut me shaving this morning. (Wrong)

 

  • I cut myself shaving this morning. (Right)

 

  1. When a pronoun is the object of a verb or preposition, it should be in the objective case e.g.

 

  • These books are for you and I (Wrong)

 

  • These books are for you and me (Right)

 

  • Between him and me, there is an understanding.

 

  1. The relative pronoun should be placed as close as possible to the antecedent e.g.

 

  • Here is the book that you lent me.

 

  • I have read the works of Shakespeare who was a great dramatist.

 

  1. The case of the pronoun following ‘than’ and ‘as’ is decided by mentally supplying the verb and completing the sentence e.g.

 

 

  • She is taller than I (am).

 

  • I love you more than he (loves you).

 

  • He is as good a player as I (am).
  • I can sing as well as she (can).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

 

 

  1. Who is used for persons only. It may refer to a singular or plural noun or pronoun e.g.

 

 

  • The boy, who works hard, succeeds.

 

  • The women, who saw the tricks, were surprised.

 

  • He, who is honest, is loved by all.

 

  • They, who die in a great cause, never fail.

 

 

  1. Which is used for animals and non-living things. It may refer to a singular or plural noun e.g.

 

  • The horse which won the race is Bali’s.

 

  • The horses which you gave me are fast.

 

  • The pens which we lost have been found.

 

 

  1. That is used for persons, animals and things. It may refer to a singular or plural noun e.g.

 

 

  • He is the wisest man that ever lived.

 

  • This is the horse that I want to buy.

 

  • These are the only horses that neigh.

 

  • This is the ring that I lost yesterday.

 

  • These are the books that I have read.