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December 18, 2015

Some Guidelines For Use


  • At, in. At is used with places, usually small towns and villages.


It is used before a definite point of time. In is used with countries and large towns and before a period of time.


  • See me at six o’clock in the morning.


  • He lives at Ludhiana in the Punjab.


  • He is in England these days.


  • By, with. By is used to express the agent or doer of the action; with relates to the instrument with which the action is done.


He was struck by his enemy with a suck.



  • Between, among. Between is used with two persons or things; among with more than two.


Divide this cake between these two boys.



  • In, into. In is used in speaking of things at rest, into is used in speaking of things in


  • She is in


  • They marched into the hall.


  • On, upon. On is used in speaking of things at rest, and upon of things in motion.


  • He sat on a sofa.


  • The cat sprang upon the table.


Note:-   On and upon are almost always idiomatically interchangeable. Upon is often preferred where the Preposition follows its Object; as,


  • ‘He had no evidence to go upon’.



  • In, within. In means at the end of a future period; with-in means before the end of a future period.


  • I shall be here in [= at the end of] two days.


  • I shall be here within [= before the end of] two days.




  • After, in. After is generally used to denote some period of time in the Past; in is generally used to show some period of time in the Future.


He returned to Delhi after a week [= at the end of a week, in the past].


  • He will return to Delhi in a week [=at the end of a week, in the future).


  • Beside, besides. Beside means ‘by the side of’ or ‘outside of, besides means ‘in addition to’.


  • He came and sat beside me [ = by my side].


  • Besides [= in addition to] giving him advice, he gave him money.


  • Before, for. Before is used in Negative and Affirmative sentences to denote a point of future time; for is used in Negative sentences to denote a period of future time.


  • The sun will not rise for an hour.


[We cannot say – ‘The sun will not rise before an hour.’]


  • ‘Before’ is used for a point of time, not for a period of time.


  • The sun will rise before seven o’clock. [Affirmative]


  • The sun will not rise before seven o’clock. [Negative]


  • Since, from, for. Since is used to denote a point of time, never a period of time. It is preceded by a Verb in the Present Perfect Tense. But it is correctly used when we speak of the past time, and can never be used with reference to the present or future


  • I have not seen him since last month.


From denotes a point of time. It may be used with all the tenses. It must be followed by to, till, or until either expressed or understood.


For denotes a period of time. It may be used with any tense except the Present Imperfect.


  • I have not seen her for five days.














Certain Nouns, Adjectives and Verbs are followed by particular Prepositions. The following is a list of some important words followed by appropriate Prepositions.


Nouns followed by Prepositions

Acquaintance with: I have no acquaintance with Sita.


Affection for: Ali has a strong affection for that poor girl.


Apology for: She gave him an apology for her conduct.


Aptitude for: The Bengalis have great aptitude for business.


Assurance of: Ahmad gave us no assurance of his support.


Blame for: Advani accepted blame for the accident.


Candidate for: Raman is a candidate for the post.


Capacity for: Aftab has no capacity for mastering facts.


Care of: Take care of your health.


Cause for: There is no cause for anxiety.


Cause of: She is the cause of the whole trouble.


Charge of : A charge of murder was laid at his door.


Claim on : I have every claim on you.


Claim to : He has no claim to my property.


Complaint against: I have no complaint against her.


Confidence in: I have no confidence in her.


Control over: Ganga has no control over his passions.


Disgrace to : She is a disgrace to her family.


Duty to : We owe a duty to our country.


Excuse for: He had no excuse for remaining absent.


Fondness for: His fondness for her is natural.

Freedom from: Health means freedom from care.


Grief at : He felt grief at the death of his son.


Hatred for: Her hatred for him was very great.


Heir to : The prince is an heir to the throne.


Influence with: I have no influence with the Magistrate.


Interest in : I have no interest in music.


Invitation to : She has sent us an invitation to dinner.


Leniency to : You have shown undue leniency to her.


Leisure for: I have no leisure for amusement.


Limit to : There is no limit to his ambition.


Longing for: Her longing for her son is great.


Match for: Abdul is no match for Ali.


Need of : Rahman is always in need of money.


Neglect of: He is blamed for neglect of duty.


Obedience to: I praise her obedience to her husband.


Objection to: I have no objection to your going there.


Peace with: I am always at peace with my neighbours.


Pity for: The king felt pity for the poor.


Prejudice against: He has a prejudice against Hakims.


Pride in : Her great pride in her wealth is foolish.


Progress In : Sohan has made no progress in his studies.


Quarrel with: I knew nothing of his quarrel with her.

Regard for: I have great regard for him.


Remedy for: Quinine is a remedy for malaria.


Reputation for: Ghafoor has a reputation for honesty.


Respect for: The young have no respect for old age.


(A) slave to : Aftab is a slave to drink.


(The) slave of : Aftab is the slave of his passions.


Subscription to: What is your subscription to the Famine Relief Fund?

Sympathy for: All the people felt great sympathy for her in her troubles.


Sympathy with: I have sympathy with her views.


Taste for: Kamla has no taste for music.


Traitor to : He is a traitor to his country.


  • victim to : She is a victim to hopes and fears.


(The) victim of : She is the victim of oppression.




Adjectives and Participles followed by Prepositions


Accused of: Ghulam was accused of theft.


Acquainted with: Are you acquainted with her?


Acquitted of: The thief was acquitted of the charge.


Addicted to : Ali is addicted to gambling.


Adjacent to : The hotel is adjacent to the post office.


Afflicted with: The old man is afflicted with gout.


Afraid of: Don’t be afraid of telling the truth.


Amazed at : I was amazed at her impudence.


Angry with: She was very angry with us.


Annoyed at : Rama was annoyed at her behaviour.


Anxious for: I am anxious for her safety.


Appropriate to: The Prime Minister made a stirring speech appropriate to the occasion.


Ashamed of : Sita is ashamed of her conduct.


Astonished at : All were astonished at her disobedience.


Averse to : Pratap is averse to regular work.


Backward in : Jobn is backward in his studies.



Beneficial to : Sound sleep is beneficial to health.


Bent on : Joseph is bent on mischief.


Beset with: The path of a leader is generally beset with difficulties and obstacles.


Blessed with: She is blessed with good health.


Blind in : The carpenter is blind in the right eye.


Blind to : Rashida is blind to her own faults.


Born of: Gandhiji was not born of rich parents.


Bound for: The ship is bound for England.


Busy with: Jack is busy with his lessons.


Capable of : She is capable of improvement.


Careful about: She is very careful about her dress.


Charged with: The beggar was charged with theft.


Confident of : Mohan is confident of success.


Conscious of: Shakuntala is conscious of her faults.


Contented with: She is contented with her lot.


Contrary to : The boys acted contrary to my orders.

Deaf to : He was deaf to all her entreaties.


Deficient in: She is deficient in commonsense.


Dependent on : She is dependent on her parents.


Desirous of: Rama is desirous of going abroad.


Different from: His religious views are different from hers.


Diffident of : Afzal is very diffident of success.


Disgusted with: I am disgusted with her conduct.


Engaged to : Kanta is engaged to Harish.


Engaged in : Thomas is engaged in drawing a picture.


Equal to : Sikandar is not equal to the task.


Essential to : Health is essential to happiness.


Faithful to : The dog is very faithful to his master.


False to : Ahmad proved false to his friends.


Familiar to : Her name seems quite familiar to me.


Familiar with: I am not familiar with her tricks.


Famous for: He is famous for his learning.


Fit for: Krishna is fit for the job.


Fond of : Girls are fond of dolls.


Free from: Ramesh is now free from troubles.


Full of : That book is full of mistakes.


Glad at : We are glad at your success.


Glad of: I shall be glad of your help in this business.


Good for: This medicine is good for headache.


Greedy of : Mukerjee is greedy of gain.


Guilty of: The beggar was found guilty of theft.


Honest in : Karim is not honest in his dealings.


Hopeful of : Is she hopeful of success?


Horrified at : We were horrified at the sight.


Ignorant of: The Headmaster is ignorant of facts.


Ill with: Manorama is ill with fever.


Indebted to : I am indebted to her for her timely help.


Indifferent to : They are indifferent to their own interests.


Indulgent to : She is very indulgent to her children.


Infested with: This house is infested with rats.


Injurious to : Alcohol is injurious to health ..


Intent on : He seems intent on my ruin.


Interested in : Why are you interested in Kamala?


Introduced to : I was introduced to the Collector.


Jealous of: He is jealous of his reputation.


Lame in : The beggar was lame in the left leg.


Lost to : Ali is lost to all sense of shame ..


Loyal to : The Princes are loyal to the Government.


Married to : Pushpa was married to Mohan.


Negligent in : He is negligent in doing his duty.


Obedient to : Aftab is obedient to his parents.


Obliged to : I am obliged to her for her kindness.


Occupied by : This house is occupied by Parsis.


Occupied with: He is just now occupied with translating some documents.


Occupied in : John was occupied in reading a novel.


Offended with: I was offended with her at her insolence.


Open to : She is not open to conviction.


Overcome with: He was overcome with sorrow.


Overwhelmed with: She was overwhelmed with grief.


Partial to : We are all partial to our friends.


Peculiar to : This is a custom peculiar to the Japanese.


Popular with: Mr. George is popular with the boys.


Preferable to : Health is preferable to wealth.


Prepared for: I am prepared for the worst.


Proficient in : Gopal is proficient in Mathematics.


Proud of: He is proud of his wealth.


Quick of : She is quick of understanding.


Quick at : This boy is quick at inventing excuses.


Reconciled with: Ultimately she became reconciled with her husband.


Reduced to : The prince was reduced to poverty.


Related to : Is she related to you?


Repentant of: Mary is repentant of her sin.


Respectful to : Good boys are respectful to all.



Satisfied with: I am satisfied with her conduct.


Sensitive to : She is sensitive to praise and blame.


Serviceable to: This umbrella will be serviceable to you in the rainy season.


Shocked at : All of us were shocked at her behaviour.


Short of : Afzal is always short of money.


Sick of : I am sick of advising her.


Slow of : Slow of hearing, slow to make up one’s mind, slow at accounts.


Sorry for: The Headmaster was sorry for his mistake.


Steeped in : Mahmud is steeped in vice and poverty.


Suited to : His speech was suited to the occasion.


Sure of : She is sure of success.


Suspicious of : The English are suspicious of the Germans.


Sympathetic with: She is sympathetic with sufferers.


Thankful for: We ought to be thankful to God for His small mercies.


Tired of: Everyone is tired of doing nothing.


True to : Mohan is true to his friends.


Useful for: Salt is useful for many purposes.


Vain of : She is vain of her beauty.


Vexed with: I am vexed with her for disobeying me.







Verbs Followed By Prepositions


Abide by : You must abide by your promise.


Abound with: This house abounds with rats.


Abound in : Her conversation abounds in good things.

Abstain from: Abstain from evil and do good.

Accede to : The Principal acceded to my request.


Acquit of: The judge acquitted him of theft.


Act from: She acted from fear.


Admit of: Your conduct admits of no excuse.


Agree with a person: Trilok does not agree with me.


Agree to a proposal: I agree to your offer of marriage.


Aim at : All of us aim at excellence.


Apologize to a person: I apologized to her for my mistake.


Appeal to a person: We appealed to her for help.


Appoint to : Jack was appointed to the vacant post.


Arrive at (a place): We arrived at the station at ten.


Arrive in (a country): The Queen has arrived in India.


Attend to : Attend to your lessons, please.


Attend upon: The servant attended upon me.


Avail of: I availed myself of his offer.


Avenge on : He avenged himself on his enemies.


Bear with: You must bear with my weaknesses.


Beat against: The waves beat against the rocks.


Beg of: We all begged pardon of her.


Beg for: The poor woman begged for bread from me.


Believe in : I do not believe in her honesty.


Bestow on : The Queen bestowed high honour on her.


Beware of: Beware of false friends.


Blame for: We can hardly blame her for her conduct.


Boast of: She boasts of her cleverness.


Borrow from: Rahman borrowed Rs. 500 from me.

Break into: The thieves broke into his house at night.


Brood over: Do not brood over past grievances.


Buy of: He bought this pen of Rama.


Buy from: We bought this watch from his shop.


Call on : We called on her yesterday.


Call to : Rama called to her loudly.


Call for: Your conduct calls for punishment.


Care for: I do not care for her opinion.


Charge with: We charged her with theft.


Come across: I came across this in a curio shop.


Compare with: (to show difference). Compare the character of Mohan with that of Rini.


Compare to : (to show resemblance). Anger may be compared to fire.


Compete with: I competed with Hari for the first prize.


Complain of: He complains of severe headache.


Complain against: Mr. Sherwani complained against the dishonest merchant to the Magistrate.


Comply with: We always complied with his request.


Confer on: She conferred a favour on us.


Confide in : The king confided in his ministers.


Confide to : Confide your secrets to none.


Congratulate on : I congratulated her on her success.


Convict of: The judge convicted him of theft.


Cure of: The medicine cured him of herd is ease.


Deal in : He deals in Japanese goods.


Deal with: Deal fairly with everyone.


Defend from: I defended her from al1 blame.


Deprive of: Slaves are deprived of their freedom.


Derive from: Can pleasure be derived from bad actions?


Despair of: Raman never despaired of success.


Die of: Chatterjee died of typhoid.


Die by : He died by his own hand.


Differ with: I differ with you on this subject.


Differ from: This cloth differs from that.


Disagree with: I disagree with you on this point.


Dispose of: She has disposed of all her property.


Dissuade from: Afzal dissuaded her from going there.


Distinguish from: Distinguish truth from falsehood.


Dream of: She dreamt of becoming a queen one day.


Enlist in : Karim has enlisted in the army.


Enter upon: Satish has entered upon a new career.


Exchange for: He exchanged the cow for the horse.


Explain to : Explain this question to me.


Fall under: He fell under the displeasure of the king.


Fall upon: The robbers fell upon the merchant.


Feed on : The cow feeds on grass.


Feel for: We all felt for her in her troubles.


Fight with or against: I am not strong enough to fight with or against you.


Fly at: The dog flew at the beggar.


Fly into: Seeing me, she flew into a rage.


Furnish with: They furnished her with books.

[Or] They furnished books to her.


Get at : Get at (find out) the facts.


Get over: He got over (recovered from) his illness.


Get out of: I have not yet been able to get out of debt.


Get to : In the evening they got to their journey’s end.


Grieve at : They grieved at my failure.


Grieve for: Do not grieve much for the dead.


Grumble at : He is always grumbling at his hard lot.


Guard against: We must guard against vices.


Hear of: Have you heard of his success?


Hide from: I will not hide the truth from my parents.


Hinder from: What hindered you from coming here?


Hope for: We always hope for better times.


Import into: Sugar was imported into India from Java.


Impress on : I impressed on her the value of cleanliness.


Impute to: Do not impute motives to her action.


Inform of: I have informed her of my intentions.


Inquire into: The Police are inquiring into the matter.


Inquire of: I inquired of her when she would return.


Insist on: He insisted on my leaving the place at once.


Inspire with: The General inspired his soldiers with courage.



Interfere with: He interfered with her in her private affairs.


Introduce to: Mahavir introduced me to Kamala.


Invite to : I have invited Rashida also to dinner.


Jeer at: Do not jeer at an ugly person.


Jest at: Never jest at sacred ceremonies.


Join to: Join the point C to the point D.


Jump at : Allah Bux jumped at the offer at once.


Jump to : The Superintendent jumped to the conclusion that the prisoner had escaped from the jail.


Keep from: Keep away from wine.


Keep to : Keep to the point, please.


Kick against: Do not kick against authority.


Kick at : Hem Chandra kicked at my offer.


Knock at : He knocked at every door for money.


Labour for: All his life he laboured for the public good.


Lament for: Do not lament for the dead.


Laugh at : We all laughed at her bad manners.


Lay before: Mohan laid all the facts before her.


Lay to : We laid this sin to her charge.


Lay under: I have laid her under deep obligation by helping her in distress


Lead to : This road leads to Poona.


Lean to: This judge seems to lean to his side.


Level with: The enemy levelled the city with the ground.


Listen to : Don’t listen to that foolish fellow.


Live by: Live by honest labour.


Live within: Live within your means.

Look at: A cat may look at a king.


Look after: The shepherd looked after his sheep.


Meddle with: Do not meddle with other men’s business.


Meet with: I met with many obstacles. but pressed on.


Mourn for: Do not mourn for the dead.


Mix with: Oil will not mix with water.


Murmur against: We must not murmur against new taxes.


Murmur at : We all murmur at injustice.


Object to : She objects to my going there.


Occur to : It did not occur to me to search his pockets.


Originate in : The fight originated in a foolish quarrel.


Part with: He parted with all his wealth.


Partake of: We partook of the feast spread before us.


Pass for: Pratap passed for a clever man.


Perish by : He perished by the sword.


Perish with: They perished with cold.


Persist in : Rama persists in annoying his teacher.


Pine for: She pined for the lost child.


Play with: Do not play with fireworks.


Play on : Smile played on her lips.


Prefer to : I prefer milk to tea.


Present with: We presented her with a watch.


Preserve from: May God preserve you from all harm.


Preside over: The Governor presides over the Council.


Prevail on: We prevailed on her to come to the meeting.

Prevent from: She prevented me from coming here.


Profit by : A wise man profits by the mistakes of others.


Prohibit from: You are prohibited from entering the class.


Protect from: God will protect you from all harm.


Protect against: God shall protect you against injustice.


Protest against: You must protest against injustice.


Provide for: I shall provide for your education.


Provide with: I shall provide myself with a new hat.


Provide against: A wise man provides against a rainy day.


Quarrel with: Do not quarrel with your friends over a trifle.


Reconcile to : You must reconcile yourself to a life of hardship and poverty.


Reconcile with: He refused to become reconciled with his brother.


Recover from: He has just recovered from illness.


Refrain from: She refrained from shedding tears.


Rejoice at : We all rejoiced at her success.


Relieve of: The medicine relieved me of my pain.


Relieve from: The medicine relieved her from pain.


Rely on : Do not rely on her support.


Remind of : He reminded me of my promise.


Repent of: He repents of the mistake he has made.


Resolve on : She resolves on going there.


Rest with: It rests with her to take action against him.

Revenge on : He revenged himself on his enemy for the murder of his brother.


Reward with: I rewarded her with a watch for saving my child from drowning.


Rule over: The king ruled over a vast empire.


Save from: He saved her from drowning.


Search for: We searched for the lost watch everywhere.


Seek for: All of us seek for happiness.


Send for: They sent for the doctor.


Show over: Mohan showed her over his new house.


Shudder at : I shudder at her act of cruelty.


Side with: Aftab sided with us in the dispute.


Smile at : I smiled at her foolish threat.


Smile on : Fortune seemed to smile on him.


Stick to : Stick to your point.


Struggle against: She struggled against many difficulties.


Submit to : We must all submit to God’s will.


Subscribe to : He subscribed Rs. 100 to the flood relief fund.


Succeed to : He succeeded to the throne at the age of ten.


Supply to : He supplied food to the poor.


Supply with: He supplied the poor with food.


Sympathise with: We sympathised with her in her troubles.


Talk of or about: All are talking of the strange event.


Throw at : Don’t throw stones at birds.


Treat of: This book treats of every important subject.


Triumph over: Virtue always triumphs over vice.


Trust in : Trust in God and do the right.

Wait on : All her maids waited On her.


Wait for: We waited impatiently for the train.


Warn of: We warned her of the danger.


Wonder at : I wonder at your stupidity.


Wrestle with: Wrestle bravely with difficulties.


Yield to: Never yield to temptation.