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Current Affairs for 29 December 2015
December 29, 2015
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AKASHVANI AWARD FOR BERHAMPUR UNIT

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1.Audience research survey conducted in listening zone of All India Radio Berhampur by the Audience Research Unit of AIR Cuttack of Odisha has been selected for the coveted first prize in recently announced result of Akashvani Annual Award 2014-15.

2.This survey was conducted in Ganjam district villages that come under the listening zone of AIR Berhampur including Berhampur city limits. AIR Berhampur is a local FM station which has carved a niche for itself by winning several national and international radio programme awards in the past.


 

FIRST CHIP THAT USES LIGHT FOR DATA TRANSFER DEVELOPED

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1.A microprocessor chip that uses light, rather than electricity, to transfer data at rapid speeds while consuming minute amounts of energy has been developed by researchers, including those of Indian-origin.

2.The new technology could pave the way for faster, more powerful computing systems and network infrastructure.

3.Traditional microprocessor chips – found in everything from laptops to supercomputers – use electrical circuits to communicate with one another and transfer information.

4.The new chip has a bandwidth density of 300 gigabits per second per square millimetre, about 10 to 50 times greater than current packaged electrical-only microprocessors.

5.Measuring just 3 millimetres by 6 millimetres, the chip bridges the gap between current high-speed electronics manufacturing and the needs of next-generation computing for chips with large-scale integrated light circuits.


 

NO LPG SUBSIDY FOR THOSE EARNING OVER RS. 10 LAKH A YEAR

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1.In a move that is bound to raise the hackles of a sizeable number of consumers, the government has declared that those who earned over Rs. 10 lakh in the previous financial year will be ineligible for LPG subsidy from January.

2.At present, all households are entitled to 12 cylinders of 14.2 kg at the subsidised rate of Rs. 419.26. The market price is Rs. 608 a cylinder.

3.There are 16.35 crore LPG consumers in the country, according to the government, of whom 14.78 crore receive the subsidy directly in their bank accounts.

4.Such a decision will likely affect at least 60 lakh people, if one were to go only by the number of people who filed their returns in the government’s e-filing portal. The actual number would be much more. It would save the government Rs. 113 crore.


 

B.N. GANGADHAR LIKELY TO BE NIMHANS CHIEF

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1.After a gap of six months, NIMHANS, the country’s premier mental health institution, is all set to get a new full-time director. B.N. Gangadhar, Professor of Psychiatry and Dean of Behavioural Sciences at NIMHANS, is likely to be the new director.

2.The institute was in the eye of the storm after Dr. Pradhan made some controversial decisions during his month-long tenure by terminating the services of consultants, changing the heads of three departments, and also relieving Registrar V. Ravi of his post.


 

MICROSOFT TO HELP A.P. IMPROVE CITIZEN SERVICES

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1.According to the MoU, Microsoft India will provide technical knowledge to the A.P. government and support in building three proof-of-concept (PoC) solutions by applying Microsoft Azure Machine Learning and Advanced Visualization method in the fields of education, agriculture and eCitizen services.

2.The PoC solutions will be built and deployed to address specific problems within each of the fields to achieve better outcomes for the State. It would use the lab method for data gathering, analysis, predictive analysis and policy planning, according to an official release from the Chief Minister’s office.


 

INDIA POST PAYMENT BANK TO BE OPERATIONAL BY MARCH 2017

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1.India Post, which was among the eleven applicants to have received approval from RBI for payment banks in August, will start its service by March 2017, Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said.

2.The Department has 1,55,015 post offices across the country, of which 1,39,144 are in rural areas.


UTILISING EVAPORATING WATER TO GENERATE POWER

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1.Prof. Sahin has used the simple gadget to prove that evaporating water can be used to generate power, which could eventually lead to energy being generated from still reservoirs. At the centre of the research by Prof. Sahin and his team in New York are spores of common soil bacteria; these spores expand, much like a muscle, when there is moisture in the atmosphere, and contract in drier conditions.

2.One of the possible uses for the technique is on reservoirs where there is a substantial amount of evaporation, particularly in drought—affected areas. In Los Angeles , millions of black plastic ‘shade balls’ were placed on the surface of a reservoir to reduce water loss. Prof. Sahin says long sheets of plastic painted with the spores could be stretched across parts of the water and generate power while at the same time reducing the amount of water which is lost through evaporation.