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Current Affairs for 12 April 2016
April 12, 2016
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FOR FIRST TIME, TIGER POPULATION UP WORLDWIDE……

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A new estimate suggests there are 700 more tigers than there were just six years ago, after the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Global Tiger Forum said 3,890 tigers had been counted in the latest global census.

In 2010 there were 3,200 tigers in the wild, which was a dramatic decline from the 100,000 in 1900.

“More important than the absolute numbers is the trend, and we’re seeing the trend going in the right direction,” senior vice-president of wildlife conservation at the WWF Ginette Hemley said.

WWF International’s director general Marco Lambertini told BBC the latest figures showed “that we can save species and their habitats when governments, local communities and conservationists work together”.


 

DANNY WILLETT WINS MASTERS 2016: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ENGLAND’S AUGUSTA CHAMPION

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There was no lack of star power as England golfer Danny Willett partied to celebrate his incredible Masters victory.

Red wine and beer were the orders of the night after Willett held strong and others, most notably Jordan Spieth, folded around him on a dramatic final day at Augusta National.

Former Manchester Untied football coach Sir Alex Ferguson was at the party hosted by Willett’s management group ISM who are headed by former European Tour golfer Andrew “Chubby” Chandler.


 

ASSAM VOTE ENDS WITH HIGH TURNOUT, CASE AGAINST TARUN GOGOI

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79.51% recorded in West Bengal, but final count may go up.

The second and final phase of the Assembly elections in Assam ended on Monday with the registration of a case against the three-time Chief Minister, Tarun Gogoi, on the charge of holding a press conference within 48 hours of the polls, amounting to influencing voters.

The 61 constituencies recorded a turnout of 85 per cent. In West Bengal, 79.51 per cent was recorded in 31 constituencies till 5 p.m. on Monday, compared with 83.72 per cent in the 2011 polls. The final count may go up.

Stating that Mr. Gogoi had already been warned against holding any public meeting, Deputy Election Commissioner Sandeep Saxena said: “On the Election Commission’s direction, a First Information Report has been registered against Mr. Gogoi under Section 126 of the Representation of the People Act, which prohibits public meetings during the period of 48 hours of the poll.” The provision prescribes a maximum of two years’ imprisonment and, or, penalty. If the charges are proven in court, Mr. Gogoi, contesting from Titabor, would have to step down if he wins this time.

He would also be barred from contesting in further elections, according to Election Commission sources.

Earlier, the outgoing Chief Minister addressed a press conference, accusing Election Commission officials of bias. He alleged that a former Congress leader Goutam Bora was not allowed to come out of his residence. Mr. Gogoi also accused BJP leader Himanta Biswa Sarma of holding a public meeting in violation of the code of conduct.


 

PROOF TO LINK ZIKA VIRUS WITH BRAIN DEFECTS

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Researchers have now produced evidence of how Zika virus causes brain defect in babies. Several cases of microcephaly, a rare birth defect in which the brain fails to grow properly, continue to be reported in Brazil following the outbreak of Zika virus, first detected in the country in May 2015.

To study how the virus causes birth defects in babies, the researchers, from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, used human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells to make neural stem cells (NSC), neurospheres and brain organoids.

How quickly the neural stem cells get infected with Zika virus became clear when the researchers detected it just 24 hours after they were exposed. The researchers used the virus-infected neural cells and cultured them as neurospheres (a culture system composed of free-floating clusters of neural stem cells). While those cells not infected with the virus generated normal neurospheres, the virus-infected neural cells generated neurospheres with abnormalities. At the end of six days, the virus killed most of the neurospheres.


 

SUPREME COURT WITHDRAWS 2013 ORDER ON MEDICAL ENTRANCE TEST

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Says decision to scrap NEET was delivered by a majority verdict without any discussion among members of the bench.

Admitting to have acted too hastily, the Supreme Court on Monday recalled its 2013 judgment declaring the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) unconstitutional.

Three years after it disqualified the NEET, a single common entrance test system for MBBS, BDS and post-graduate medical courses, as an interference in the right of the State and private medical colleges to administer, the court agreed without elaborating that its decision required re-consideration.

The issue will now be heard afresh.

The NEET was meant to end rampant corruption in medical admissions, especially payment of huge capitation fees or donations in private colleges.