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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
CHINA ENDS ONE-CHILD POLICY
January 2, 2016
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1.Couples in China are now allowed to have two children as the new family planning law came into effect from Friday, ending the world’s most populous country’s controversial one-child policy amid concerns over an ageing population and shrinking workforce.

2.The three-decade-old policy was changed as demographic crisis deepened with sharp rise in population of old-age people and shrinking workforce in the world’s second largest economy.

3.According to latest figures, the number of people aged 60 or over in China has reached 212 million at the end of 2014, accounting for 15.5 per cent of the country’s population, with the number of disabled elderly people approaching 40 million.

4.By 2050, China is expected to have nearly 500 million people over 60, exceeding the population of the US.